UPSC Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam, Part – 2, See Here

UPSC Syllabus – Here is the 2nd part of UPSS syllabus, which will help you in preparation of upcoming exam of UPSC 2024.

3. Paper‐3: (General Studies 2) – 250 Marks

General Studies 2 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of the below major areas: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations. The detailed syllabus is given below:


  • Indian Constitution
    • historical underpinnings
    • evolution
    • features
    • amendments
    • significant provisions and
    • basic structure
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States
  • Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure
  • Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
  • Separation of powers between various organs
  • Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures
    • Structure
    • Functioning
    • Conduct of business
    • Powers & privileges and
    • Issues arising out of these
  • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
  • Ministries and Departments of the Government
  • Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
  • Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies


  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Important aspects of governance
  • Transparency and accountability
  • e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential
  • Citizen’s charters
  • Transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
  • Role of civil services in a democracy


  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes
  • Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources


  • India and its neighborhood- relations
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests
  • Indian Diaspora
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate
  • India’s soft power and cultural diplomacy

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