UPSC Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam, Part – 1 – See Here

UPSC Syllabus  – A candidate’s rank in the UPSC Civil Service Exam depends only on the mark scored in the Main and Interview. The main exam has 1750 marks while the interview has 275 marks.

The written examination (main) will consist of the following nine papers, but only 7 papers will be counted for the final merit ranking. Each paper is for 250 marks. Thus the total mark for the Main exam is 1750.

For the rest two papers, the candidate should secure the minimum marks prescribed by UPSC each year. For each of the qualifying papers, it is usually 25% i.e. 75/300 marks.

1. Paper‐I: (Essay) – 250 Marks

In Essay Paper, candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

2. Paper‐2: (General Studies 1) – 250 Marks.

General Studies 1 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of the below major areas: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society. The detailed syllabus is given below:


  • Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present – significant events, personalities, and issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.


Events from the 18th century such as:

  • industrial revolution
  • world wars
  • redrawal of national boundaries
  • colonization
  • decolonization
  • political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society.


  • Salient features of Indian Society
  • Diversity of India
  • Role of women and women’s organization
  • Population and associated issues
  • Poverty and developmental issues
  • Urbanization: their problems and their remedies
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment: communalism, regionalism & secularism.


  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)
  • Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones etc.
  • Geographical features and their location
  • Changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

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