UPSC Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam, Part – 3, See Here

UPSC Syllabus – Here is the 3rd part of UPSS syllabus, which will help you in preparation of upcoming exam of UPSC 2024.

4. Paper‐4: (General Studies 3) – 250 Marks

General Studies 3 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of the below major areas: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management. The detailed syllabus as provided by UPSC is as below:

General Studies 3 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains


  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy
  • Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.


  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
  • Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage
  • Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
  • e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
  • Public Distribution System– objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping;
  • issues of buffer stocks and food security
  • Technology missions
  • economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India– scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.


  • Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  • Achievements of Indians in Science & technology
  • Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology
  • Issues relating to intellectual property rights.


  • Conservation
  • environmental pollution and degradation
  • environmental impact assessment


  • Disaster and disaster management


  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks
  • Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges
  • Basics of cyber security
  • Money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas
  • Linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

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